In almost every direction there are brilliant views from San Marino. Europe’s third-smallest state is entirely engulfed by Italy. Dating from 301, San Marino claims to be the world’s oldest republic. Most visitors go directly to the World Heritage-declared old city on top of Mt. Titano, but the country actually encompasses 61 sq. km. An afternoon is adequate to visit the historic center, with watchtowers to climb, museums to visit, and some mildly strenuous zig-zagging up hill. You can also buy a visa stamp (5 Euro) for your passport if you wish. It’s easiest to reach San Marino from Rimini, Italy, where you can catch a return bus for 9 Euro.